Agra

General Information

Agra, the city of Taj Mahal is situated in Uttar Pradesh, about 200 km south east of the national capital of Delhi. It is one of the popular destinations of Golden Triangle Tour of Delhi-Jaipur-Agra. The city was founded by Raja Badal Singh in 1475.The recorded history of Agra dates back to 11th century and it remained the capital of Mogul rulers from 1526 to 1658 when it was known as Akbarabad. Earliest mention of the city is found in the epic Mahabharata where it is referred as Agraban or "The border of the forest". The city falls in semi-arid climatic zone and experiences summers, winters and monsoon seasons.

Tourist attractions in Agra:

Taj Mahal : The beautiful white marble mausoleum is the pride of Agra. It was built between 1631 and 1648 by Mogul Emperor Shah Jahan to commemorate the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. This UNESCO World Heritage Site remains open from 6.00 AM to 7.30 PM every day except Fridays when it is closed for the public. Best time to visit Taj Mahal is on the Full Moon Night and two days before and after that.

Agra Fort : Also known as Red Fort of Agra, it was built by Emperor Akbar between 1565 and 1571 and was modified and expanded further later on by Emperor Shah Jahan, who finally ended up being a prisoner of the fort when he was imprisoned here by his own son Aurangzeb. One can have a beautiful view of Taj Mahal from its ramparts.

Mehtab Bagh : The botanical gardens provide you the opportunity to view the every bit of the beautiful Taj Mahal, keeping away from the crowds.

Fatehpur Sikri : The city was founded by Emperor Akbar. It is situated 35 km off Agra and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 53.6 m high and 35 m wide Buland Darwaza which could be approached through a fleet of 52 steps is the prime attraction of Fatehpur Sikri.

Sikandra : It is the tomb of Mogul Emperor Akbar and is situated on Delhi-Agra Highway, 13 km off Agra Fort.

Other attractions in and around Agra are:

  • Mankameshwar Temple
  • Itmad-ud-Daulah' Tomb
  • Chini ka Rauza
  • Swami Bagh
  • Jama Masjid
  • Mughal Heritage Walk
Getting There:

By Air : Agra's Kheria Airport is served by Air India Regional and Kingfisher Airlines. The airport is located 12.5 km off the city center. Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport is the nearest international airport to Agra.

By Train : Agra falls on the main line connecting Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Chennai routes. Superfast Shatabdi Express and Rajdhani Express trains also make a scheduled halt at Agra. Direct trains to Eastern India cities like Kolkata are available from Agra. At least 20 trains run daily from Agra for Delhi and Gwalior Junction.

By Road : Idgah Bus Stand, Interstate Bus Terminal (ISBT), Taj Depot and Fort Depot are the main bus terminuses of Agra from where you can board in the buses for nearby cities like Jaipur, Gwalior, Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Mumbai, Bharatpur etc.

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